By Mary Clare Fischer, 5280 Magazine
Colorado has proven it: Providing inexpensive, long-acting contraception works. In 1970, Congress amended the Public Health Service Act, initially passed in 1944, to include a program known as Title X: The National Family Planning Program. Through this initiative, the federal government helped fund free or heavily discounted family-planning services, which were available for low-income women at regional health clinics. The strategy has been incredibly effective: According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the birth rate to teenagers in the U.S. plunged 43 percent between its peak in 1970, when Title X was enacted, and 2010.